Our biggest science focus this year has been chemistry – and we’ve spent a significant amount of time exploring everything from its history – researching the early alchemists – to the periodic table, visiting the Chemical Heritage Foundation’s museum, and so on.
Lately, Sarah has been on a quest to learn more about atoms and elements and how they really work. She is fascinated by the fact that there are bazillions of molecules in a raindrop and routinely brings that up in dinner conversations. We read, we play games, and we watch TV with an eye for the chemistry involved.
And today, I want to share some of the many ways we’ve compiled to explore this subject in our unschooling, not-usually-very-subject-based-at-all home!
While most of the items on our chemistry resource guide are tailored toward an upper-middle-grade or high-school-aged student, there are ways to adapt almost all of them. Some of these are resources we’ve used for several years and could easily be adapted for younger students; others are even now pretty complex and require me to really play an active role in “translating” them for Sarah.
Even more than many other topics we’ve learned about, this has been one that we’ve really tackled together, and it’s great!
Our backbone: Christian Kids Explore Chemistry
When I shared our unschooled version of an eighth-grade-ish curriculum plan for 2013-14 last fall, I mentioned that Sarah had asked if I could “get her a book of chemistry to learn” at a recent used book sale.
The stuff that was there? A college textbook that was over even my head, and a super-boring high school one that made me wince. Heavy on text, light on real-world applications, and NO PICTURES.
I said at the time we first reviewed CKE Chemistry that Sarah surprised me. Since we don’t use textbooks as textbooks, and since we don’t participate in formal classes or anything like that, I expected that we’d dig heavily into the activities included in Christian Kids Explore Chemistry and maybe read pieces of the text here and there that applied, but Sarah seems to think we should “do it right” and do the prescribed short reading passage, review questions AND accompanying activity, in order, so that she can tell people she took a chemistry class.
I wasn’t sure she’d stick to that, and I was about half right. We’ve definitely focused most heavily on pulling out the reading passages that answer our questions, and doing some of the experiments.
That said, Sarah has certainly completed more of the “bookwork” parts than I might have guessed, and she even does it in her neat handwriting, which is how you can tell she’s doing it willingly! 😉
CKE Chemistry is definitely our backbone to a lot of chemistry explorations. But as we’ve dug deeper into this topic, we’ve found a ton of other great resources that I want to share today!
Free online chemistry courses
I’m mentioning this separately (even though I’ll share a ton more online resources below) because of how awesome it is.
If you’re new to Coursera, I’m glad to help you with anything related to getting registered and navigating the course; I’d also just love to compare notes with other unschoolers going through their courses!
- The Disappearing Spoon: This book is a FUN read on some chemical and elemental trivia and miscellany. I’m reading it and sharing interesting tidbits with Sarah as I go. Among other things, the title? It refers to a prank involving chemists, Gallium, and tea – and the spoon really does disappear!
- The Illustrated Guide to Home Chemistry Experiments – All Lab, No Lecture: Sarah received this book as a Christmas gift, and it’s fantastic. (Thank you, Aunt Adriane!) It is full of serious experiments, not baking-soda-and-vinegar volcanoes, designed to cover as much as several high-school or beginning college lab courses might, and it’s designed specifically to be used at home, though getting all the required supplies to do the full set might be costly! In our case, we’re looking forward to supplementing on topics we hit in both Christian Kids Explore Chemistry and our Coursera course!
- Why Is Milk White? & 200 Other Curious Chemistry Questions: Now THIS is fun. Written by a chemist and his curious 11-year-old neighbor, and presented as answers to a series of questions you’d really ask. You know, like why is milk white? How does superglue work? We’ve been jumping around in our Kindle version of this and having a great time with it.
- DK Eyewitness Books Chemistry: This is one we’d requested from our local library because of how much we’ve always loved the Eyewitness Books series! While this is slightly more elementary in some ways than Sarah’s level, it’s full of fun facts that have led her to explore more. We highly recommend this for upper-elementary and lower-middle-school-aged students especially.
- The Cartoon Guide to Chemistry: This is one that we actually don’t yet have, but it’s high on our wishlist – a comic-style illustrated historical AND scientific look at our favorite subject.
- The Elements, A Visual Exploration of Every Known Atom in the Universe: We have been eyeing this up ever since seeing many of this “visual explorations” on our trip to the Chemical Heritage Foundation Museum early in 2013, and I think we’ll finally be getting a copy with some Amazon giftcards we got for Christmas. It’s exactly as described – a beautiful photographic journey, including some phenomenal microscope photography, about all of the elements. Super-cool.
Supplies, toys and activity kits
- Chemistry sets: Can I be honest? I don’t really like most chemistry sets presently sold. The lab equipment is generally low-grade, the “chemicals” included could be purchased in most grocery stores, and the experiments aren’t particularly exciting. We were lucky enough to pick up an OLD version of a current set at the local curriculum fair, but I don’t recommend the version you can buy new. If I had the money, I’d have pledged $900 to a Kickstarter campaign from a few years ago for Heirloom Chemistry Sets by H.M.S. Beagle, which is really the first kit I’ve seen in a long time that I loved. (Alas, no $900 was forthcoming, so we don’t have one!) If you have a set you recommend, please comment and let me know, and I’ll be glad to add a link, but for now, the best I can say is, get the nicest one you can and be prepared to supplement, or be willing to assemble things on your own!
- Flasks: Sarah is probably the only 13-year-old I know who was excited to get a set of five Ehrlenmeyer flasks for Christmas. If I can make one suggestion about something to spend money on, over and above a solid chemistry set and basic text, please, make it good glassware! Especially if you’re working with “real” chemicals, it’s best to have something of quality.
- Beakers: More glassware. If you’re wondering, a beaker has a wide mouth; a flask has a narrow mouth. Both are good for various kinds of experiments, and good beakers are next on our list to get!
- Full glassware kit: Hit the lottery, have six kids (or a co-op) who need to learn chemistry, or just really like it? This 95-piece full glassware set is super-nice and will take care of absolutely any home chemist’s needs.
- Periodic Table Playing Cards: These are actual playing cards (a set of two decks, with jokers) that happen to feature facts about the elements instead of ridiculous designs. (Even including the name of each element in French and Spanish, as well as the standard periodic table information.) Play and learn? Win/win!
- Molecule kit: We picked up this fairly simple kit to make basic molecular models at our local A.C. Moore craft store with our educator discount. There are certainly more advanced versions, including some that are way more reusable and durable, but the simpler one worked for us. (If you’re in the market for a more detailed version, this organic chemistry modeling set is pretty good!)
- MythBusters: Sarah has been a huge MythBusters fan since we picked up our Netflix subscription early in 2013. We’ve learned a ton from this show – some of it relating to physics, but some of Sarah’s favorites most closely relate to things like the chemistry of Diet Coke and Mentos, the chemical reactions alcohol consumption produces, and more.
- Star Trek: This is absolutely Sarah’s passion right now, and I admit that I wouldn’t have immediately tied it to her interest in learning more about chemistry. But the more we’ve watched and read, the more it’s amazing to talk about the reality and the fiction used in the various series – from the ridiculous “science” in the original TV series to some pretty high-tech and plausible stuff in the new movie reboots. How could planets be made habitable for humans? What kinds of chemical changes on a planet’s surface cause massive crises that the Enterprise crew needs to address? Watch this and look for chances to talk about chemistry, and you might be amazed.
- Breaking Bad: OK, maybe you don’t want your elementary-schooler watching this. Sarah, however, will tell you matter-of-factly: “They make meth. Making drugs is a kind of chemistry too.” Lest you think we’re encouraging that, please know she is aware it is not a good kind of chemistry. And while we’ve actually never seen more than a couple episodes all the way through, seeing references to Breaking Bad come up in pop culture has given us a seriously good chance to talk about the ways – good and bad – that science can be used.
- You’ll Get an A in Chemistry is a parody by some chem students of One Direction’s What Makes You Beautiful.
- The “Chem Classics” collection by Mark Rosengarten is hilarious – and all of these are music videos available on YouTube complete with funny illustrations. Who knew that you could use the phrase “Stoichiometry Rules” in a song, right?!
- Finally, two of my favorites are Why Does the Sun Shine? and Meet the Elements, both by They Might Be Giants, one of the most awesome bands ever for kids and grownups.
Places to visit
- The Chemical Heritage Foundation Museum: We’re incredibly lucky to have visited this Philadelphia museum earlier this year. They have a wonderful museum with an incredible (and HUGE) digital periodic table, exhibits depicting chemistry from its roots in alchemy to modern research, and more.
- The Koshland Science Museum: This museum in Washington, D.C., is on our to-visit list (a simple day trip for us). It’s an interactive science experience targeted specifically at teens, part of the National Academy of Sciences.
- The Museum of Science and Industry: This science museum in Chicago specifically features a lot of chemistry-heavy exhibits – and, in fact, a lot of cool stuff overall, as it’s the largest science museum in the Western Hemisphere!
We’re just starting to dig into some science apps on our new iPad Mini, which is fast becoming one of our best learning tools. Some of our favorites so far:
- FREE! GoReact is an amazing free app available for iPad, iPhone and Android, though I admit I like it much better on our tablet than our smaller screens. It was produced by the Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago and shows you what elements react – and what they make. It’s pretty amazing; we can play it for an hour easily!
- FREE! Oresome Elements (iPad): It seems simple, match the chemical symbol with the appropriate element on the periodic table, but I’ve been surprised at how much we’ve learned from this drag-and-drop game (including some digging we’ve done on our own into things like why gold is abbreviated Au!)
- FREE! Nova Elements (iPad): This app is a little more advanced, but you can build each element of the periodic table by inserting the right number of protons, neutrons and electrons, then build molecules of all sorts, plus watch amazing videos. It’s incredible!
- FREE! Mahjong Chem (iPad and iPhone): Mahjong with molecules? Sure! Good practice using a game we were already familiar with! This is a little more complicated and tests your knowledge of things like oxidation numbers, strong vs. weak acids and bases and so on, so probably geared toward more advanced students.
- FREE! Chemistry Helper (Android): I was surprised at the number of apps I tried for Android that I didn’t like, but this was by far the best of the best. A great periodic table viewer, molecular mass calculator, links to read more on Wikipedia and more.
- FREE! Periodic Table (Android): Another winner on Android, this app includes a fun quiz function plus YouTube videos of chemistry terms.
- There are also a bunch of FREE periodic table viewers with varying levels of complexity. Some of them include EMD PTE, Periodic Table of the Elements (iPad), iElements (iPad and iPhone), The Periodic Table HD (iPad) and the K12 Periodic Table of the Elements (iPad and iPhone).
- A couple premium apps include Mister Chemist (iPad, $2.99) and Periodic Table+ (iPad, $1.99) – though the last one also has a lite version for free.
- Khan Academy is a great go-to for tons of science topics, with chemistry no exception. Their first-year chemistry course is incredibly detailed, and we’ve picked pieces out of it to watch here and there. There’s also an advanced organic chemistry that would work for higher-level students!
- Uzinggo is one of our favorite places to watch and learn about chemistry. Specifically, Sarah spent a ton of time learning to balance chemical reaction equations, and using the online labs to learn about some things we couldn’t demonstrate at home! (You can read more about our Uzinggo experiences in our review here; we’ve continued to use it pretty regularly since we posted that!)
- Dynamic Periodic Table … pretty much what you’d think. A periodic table where you can click to read more about each element. A great resource.
- Elements: Experiments in Character Design is a fun artistic look at a few of the elements as “characters.”
- Periodic Table of Videos is a YouTube channel full of crazy looks at fun chemistry questions, like “What if ice did not float?” as well as profiles on various elements, complete with experiments.
- BBC’s Volatile History of Chemistry allows you to watch a three-part documentary series on chemistry history. It’s fascinating stuff – not always told from a worldview I support, but still interesting!
- The Modern Alchemist (also known as Dr. Peter Wothers) is offered by the Royal Institution of London and is amazing. These video lectures (actually amazing video experiments) are well worth watching.
- Printable periodic table and element resources from FiveJs.com includes a full-color table you can print, plus blanks and partial blanks to help you fill in what goes where!
- My friend Phyllis of All Things Beautiful is studying chemistry with her family this year, too, and she’s got a wide variety of resources – including recipes for making your own slime, gak and more!
Have you studied chemistry? Any ideas for good resources? Please comment and share; I’d love to add them to the list!
If you found this resource guide helpful, I hope you’ll check out some others we’ve created for topics and places of interest to our family! We like to focus on things that are free or low-cost, and that focus on hands-on or life learning over textbooks.
Earlier guides include:
- Philadelphia, Independence Hall and the Liberty Bell
- Assateague, Md., and Chincoteague, Va.
- Jim Thorpe, Pa.
- The Phantom of the Opera
- Space travel and the solar system
- Real-world math
- Video-game learning
- A variety of unit studies based on the birthdays of famous people through history
I hope you’ll check them out and let me know what you’re learning about!